【Dr. Richie Chan - Acne can be cured! - Acne and acne scar Q&A】
At what age do people usually get acne?
Teenagers typically get acne during puberty. However, many adults in their 30s and 40s also suffer from acne while under pressure from work or various aspects of life. Women are also more prone to developing acne during or just before their period.
How does acne affect people?
Acne is obviously not lethal, but having small collection of pus and numerous spots on the face could be bothersome. Severe acnes that are left untreated could leave scars and cause even more nuisance.
Though acne appear on the skin surface, its effects can go much deeper. Severe acne have significant impacts on one's social life, and affect one's confidence and self-image and all these can lead to depression.
How can doctors help you?
Doctors can prescribed oral or topical medications according to individual needs. We typically start with topical treatment first, and only proceed to oral medications, such as antibiotics, contraceptives, and retinoids if topical medications are ineffective.
Each medication has its unique properties and is suitable for different patients. For instance, topical ointments and oral antibiotics are usually sufficient for mild to moderate acne, while severe or refractory acne patients may require the use retinoids.
Although retinoids are indeed very efficient in managing acne, they are not without side effects. Retinoids may affect liver function, cholesterol, and even fetal growth in pregnant ladies. Patients should always have blood test and rule out pregnancy before taking retinoids.
How are acne scars formed?
Persistent and severe inflammatory reaction caused by acne can damage skin and subcutaneous tissue and form a scar. Bacterial infections and squeezing pimples can aggravate the inflammatory reaction and cause atrophic or hypertrophic scars, resulting in the skin irregularity.
What happens if I leave the scars untreated?
Of course, it is primarily a cosmetic issue. The earlier one intervenes, the more effective the treatment is. Hypertrophic and atrophic scars may cause pain or itch, and are difficult to conceal with makeup.
What treatment options do I have for acne scars?
In the past, acne scars are treated with chemical peeling, laser, filler, or even surgery in selected cases. In recent years, many people have chosen to treat with microneedle radiofrequency (RF) to improve both active acne and acne problems. The results have been promising.
What is a microneedle RF?
Radiofrequency energy is delivered directly to deep dermal layer via micro-needle electrodes and tackles the root problem of acne and acne scars. Microneedle RF can reach deeper than conventional laser and stimulates collagen regeneration. It smoothens skin irregularity and improves facial contour. The technology has been widely adopted in Europe, America, Korea, and Japan.
What are the effects of microneedle RF?
Microneedle RF stimulates collagen regeneration and increase the amount of collagen in deep dermal layer. It can smoothen skin irregularity, tighten skin, and improves the overall quality of the skin. .
How many times does this treatment need to be done?
The recommended treatment for acne scars is once a month for three to five consecutive times, then about half a year to one year for maintenance.